Cov Lus Nug

evFAQ
Kuv yuav them kuv lub tsheb nyob qhov twg?

Hauv tsev nyob hauv qhov chaw tso tsheb ntiag tug / tsav tsheb, lossis ntawm qhov chaw nres tsheb tshwj xeeb / chaw nres tsheb sib koom (ib txwm muaj rau chav tsev).

Thaum ua haujlwm ntawm koj lub chaw ua haujlwm lub chaw nres tsheb, tshwj tseg lossis (ib nrab) pej xeem.

Hauv pej xeem raws txoj kev, ntawm txoj kev loj, thiab ntawm txhua qhov chaw nres tsheb rau pej xeem koj tuaj yeem xav txog - piv txwv li khw khw, tsev noj mov, tsev so, tsev kho mob thiab lwm yam. Yog tias "kev sib koom tes ua haujlwm" tau qhib, koj muaj lub zog them nyiaj ntawm ntau lub chaw muab kev pabcuam them nqi.

Nws siv sijhawm ntev npaum li cas los them kuv lub tsheb?

Lub sijhawm them nyiaj sib txawv nyob ntawm: koj qib roj teeb tam sim no, koj lub peev xwm roj teeb, koj lub chaw them nyiaj lub peev xwm thiab teeb tsa, nrog rau lub peev xwm ntawm koj lub chaw nres tsheb them nqi hluav taws xob (piv txwv li nws nyob hauv tsev lossis chaw ua haujlwm hauv tsev).

Plug-in hybrid xav tau 1-4 teev kom tau them tas, thaum lub tsheb hluav taws xob puv xav tau 4-8 teev (ntawm 0 txog 100%). Qhov nruab nrab, tsheb nres hauv tsev txog 14 teev nyob rau ib hnub, thiab tom haujlwm li ntawm 8 teev nyob rau ib hnub. Nrog lub chaw nres tsheb them nyiaj ntawm koj qhov kev pov tseg, txhua lub sijhawm no tuaj yeem siv los sau koj lub tsheb mus rau 100%.

Qhov hluav taws xob tsis tu ncua: Ceeb toom yog tias koj tab tom them koj EV los ntawm qhov hluav taws xob tsis tu ncua. Kev them nyiaj hauv tsev yuav xav tau ib lub xov tooj tshwj xeeb uas tiv thaiv lub zog hluav taws xob thiab ua kom sov. Ib qho ntxiv, koj tseem yuav tsum xyuas kom lub qhov hluav taws xob nyob ze koj lub tsheb, vim tias koj yuav tsis siv lub txuas txuas txuas los them koj lub tsheb. Txawm li cas los xij nrog cov kev ceev faj no, them los ntawm lub qhov hluav taws xob tsis tu ncua yog qhov poob siab heev, vim tias feem ntau cov tsev nyob tsis tau xaim hluav taws xob nqa. Lub sijhawm them nqi yuav nyob ntawm seb koj nyob hauv lub tebchaws twg. Rau EV nrog thaj tsam ntawm 160 km, koj tuaj yeem cia siab tias yuav them lub sijhawm kwv yees li 6-8 teev hauv Tebchaws Europe.

EV Chaw nres tsheb: Qhov no yog txoj hauv kev pom zoo tshaj plaws ntawm kev them tsheb, vim nws ua kom muaj kev nyab xeeb thiab siv tau zoo ntawm koj lub tsheb thiab cov khoom siv hluav taws xob (piv txwv li lub tsev lossis tsev ua haujlwm hauv tsev) muaj peev xwm. Nrog lub chaw nres tsheb them nyiaj ntawm koj qhov pov tseg, txhua lub sijhawm koj tsoo txoj kev koj paub tseeb tias muaj lub tsheb them tas nrog ntau qhov ntau. Lub chaw nres tsheb them tuaj yeem them nyiaj txog 8 zaug sai dua li lub qhov hluav taws xob ib txwm. Qhov no txhais tau tias txhua EV yuav raug them 100% hauv tsuas yog 1-4 teev. Nrhiav cov ntsiab lus ntawm lub sijhawm them nqi rau cov roj teeb feem ntau ntawm no.

Chaw nres tsheb them ceev: Cov chaw nres tsheb nrawm tshaj tawm feem ntau sab nraum lub nroog thiab nrog txoj kev loj. Txawm hais tias nrawm (nws them hauv 20-30 feeb), qhov nruab nrab them ceev nqa EV tau txog li 80% thaum them ib zaug nkaus xwb. Vim yog cov cuab yeej siv kim thiab kho vajtse ntawm cov chaw them nyiaj nrawm, cov charger no feem ntau tsuas yog yuav thiab tsim los ntawm tsoomfwv hauv nroog thov.

Hom kev them nqi chaw nres tsheb twg kuv yuav tsum nruab?

Muaj ntau hom kev them nqi chaw nres tsheb - suav nrog Qib 1, Qib 2 thiab DC Fast Charging - yog li qhov koj xaiv yuav nyob ntawm tus lej. Cov no suav nrog cov neeg siv khoom xav tau, tus nqi thiab kev txiav txim siab tsim chaw.

Dab tsi tsim qhov chaw cuam tshuam rau tus nqi teeb tsa?

Kev them nqi teeb tsa chaw nres tsheb tuaj yeem dhau tus nqi ntawm kho vajtse nws tus kheej thiab cuam tshuam los ntawm tus lej tsim qauv uas yuav tsum tau txiav txim siab xws li:

  • Tam sim no muaj kev pabcuam hluav taws xob. Txhua qhov kev teeb tsa chaw nres tsheb tshiab yuav tsum muaj kev tshuaj xyuas qhov ua tau ntawm lub tsev qhov hluav taws xob xav tau los txiav txim siab tias puas muaj peev xwm ntxiv EV them chaw nres tsheb. AC Qib 2 cov chaw nres tsheb yuav xav tau lub siab 240-volt (40 amp) Circuit thiab hloov kho cov kev pabcuam hluav taws xob yuav tsim nyog.
  • Qhov nrug nruab nrab ntawm lub vaj huam sib luag hluav taws xob thiab lub chaw them nyiaj. Qhov nyob nrug deb ntawm lub vaj huam sib luag hluav taws xob thiab lub chaw them nqi EV txhais tau tias tus nqi teeb tsa siab dua vim tias nws nce tus nqi tsim nyog yuav tsum tau kho (thiab kho), cov raj, thiab xaim. Nws yog qhov xav tau kom txo qhov kev ncua deb ntawm lub vaj huam sib luag hluav taws xob thiab EV chaw nres tsheb kom ntau li ntau tau thaum tseem txiav txim siab qhov chaw ntawm chaw nres tsheb them nqi ntawm cov cuab yeej.
  • Qhov chaw them chaw nres tsheb ntawm lub tsev. Xav txog qhov cuam tshuam ntawm kev tso chaw nres tsheb them nyiaj ntawm ib qho chaw tshwj xeeb ntawm cov cuab yeej. Piv txwv li, tso chaw nres tsheb them chaw nres tsheb nyob tom qab ntawm lub tsev yuav ua rau lawv tsis siv, tab sis lwm tus neeg siv khoom tuaj yeem chim siab yog tias lub chaw them nyiaj raug teeb tsa hauv qhov chaw nres tsheb zoo tshaj plaws uas feem ntau tsis muaj neeg nyob vim tias muaj tsawg tus tsav tsheb EV.

Lwm qhov kev txiav txim siab muaj kev cuam tshuam tsawg dua rau kev teeb tsa kev teeb tsa tab sis tuaj yeem cuam tshuam qhov chaw nres tsheb tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo li cas rau cov tsav tsheb EV thiab lwm tus neeg siv khoom. Qee qhov no suav nrog txoj hauv kev uas lub xov tooj yuav siv thaum siv thiab kev tswj chaw nres tsheb.

Kuv puas tuaj yeem them nyiaj rau tib neeg siv kuv lub chaw nres tsheb them?

Yog lawm, koj raug tso cai them cov neeg rau siv koj lub chaw nres tsheb txawm hais tias ntau tus tswv chaw nres tsheb xaiv kom them dawb raws li kev ntxias lossis txiaj ntsig. Ib qho piv txwv ntawm qhov no yog chaw ua haujlwm muab them dawb rau lawv cov neeg ua haujlwm thiab cov neeg siv khoom. Yog tias koj txiav txim siab them nqi rau kev siv muaj ntau qhov tseem ceeb los txiav txim siab txiav txim seb yam twg ua haujlwm zoo tshaj rau koj.

Them rau siv nyob ntawm qhov chaw. Koj qhov kev txiav txim siab yuav nyob ntawm ib feem ntawm qhov chaw uas nws ua haujlwm. Hauv qee thaj tsam ntawm Xeev New York, tshwj xeeb hauv cov nroog loj, qee lub chaw tso tsheb uas them nqi rau chaw nres tsheb tuaj yeem pom cov neeg siv khoom uas txaus siab them nyiaj ntxiv rau EV them tas li vim tias lawv tsis muaj peev xwm them nqi ntawm lawv qhov chaw nyob.

Kev them nqi rau kev siv yog nyob ntawm lub hom phiaj teeb tsa ntawm qhov chaw. Cov txiaj ntsig tau tsim los ntawm chaw nres tsheb tsis yog lub sijhawm nkaus xwb los tsim cov nyiaj rov qab los ntawm kev nqis peev los ntawm chaw nres tsheb them nyiaj. Cov chaw them nqi yuav nyiam cov neeg tsav tsheb EV uas tom qab ntawd txhawb nqa koj txoj kev lag luam, khaws cov neeg ua haujlwm muaj txiaj ntsig, lossis muab kev nkag siab txog koj li kev tswj hwm ib puag ncig uas yuav pab txhawb nqa EV thiab tsis yog EV cov neeg nyob hauv, cov neeg ua haujlwm, lossis cov neeg siv khoom.

Yuav them li cas rau kev siv ua haujlwm. Cov tswv chaw nres tsheb tuaj yeem them nqi rau ib teev, ib zaug, lossis ib chav hluav taws xob.

  • Ib Teev Sijhawm: Yog tias koj them ib teev, muaj tus nqi them rau txhua lub tsheb txawm tias nws tau them lossis tsis, thiab lub tsheb sib txawv tau txais hluav taws xob ntawm tus nqi sib txawv, yog li tus nqi zog yuav txawv ntau los ntawm kev them nqi.
  • Ib ntu: Qhov no feem ntau tsim nyog rau kev them nyiaj hauv chaw ua haujlwm lossis chaw them nqi uas muaj luv luv, ntu ntu.
  • Ib Chav Ntawm Lub Zog (feem ntau yog kilowatt-teev [kWh]): Qhov no suav tus lej tseeb ntawm tus nqi hluav taws xob rau tus tswv chaw them nqi, tab sis tsis muab kev txhawb siab rau lub tsheb uas tau them tag nrho kom tawm ntawm qhov chaw.

Qee tus tswv tsev tau sim ua ke ntawm cov kev qhia no, xws li them tus nqi tiaj tus rau thawj ob teev, tom qab ntawd nce tus nqi rau kev sib tham ntev dua. Qee qhov chaw yuav xav kom txo lawv cov nuj nqis kev ua haujlwm los ntawm kev tsis koom nrog lub chaw nres tsheb them nyiaj thiab muab them dawb.

Vim li cas kev them nyiaj ua haujlwm tseem ceeb heev?

Raws li muaj coob tus neeg tsav tsheb mus ua haujlwm thiab cov tsav tsheb EV nyiam tshaj tawm lawv cov nqi thaum twg los tau qhov kev them nyiaj hauv chaw ua haujlwm yog cov neeg ua haujlwm tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo rau cov tswv ntiav haujlwm. Qhov tseeb, them nyiaj ntawm kev ua haujlwm tuaj yeem ntau npaum li ob npaug ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm EV txhua lub tshuab hluav taws xob niaj hnub mus ncig. Rau cov tswv ntiav haujlwm, kev them nyiaj hauv chaw ua haujlwm tuaj yeem pab nyiam thiab khaws cov neeg ua haujlwm zoo thiab qhia txog kev coj noj coj ua hauv kev siv thev naus laus zis huv huv.

  • NYSERDA's Chaw Ua Haujlwm Them Daim Ntawv Qhia [PDF] muab kev tshuaj xyuas ntawm cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev teeb tsa cov chaw them nyiaj ntawm chaw ua haujlwm thiab qhia txog txheej txheem kev npaj, teeb tsa, thiab tswj EV them nqi hluav taws xob
  • Lub Department of Energy's Them Chaw Ua Haujlwm lub vev xaib muab cov lus qhia ntawm kev koom nrog cov neeg ua haujlwm kom tau txais txiaj ntsig ntawm qhov txiaj ntsig no, nrog rau cov ncauj lus kom ntxaws txog kev ntsuas, npaj rau, teeb tsa, thiab tswj kev them nyiaj hauv chaw ua haujlwm.
DC cov chaw them nyiaj ceev yog dab tsi?

DC them nyiaj nrawm siv ncaj qha-tam sim no (DC) hloov lub zog thiab 480-volt hloov pauv tam sim no (AC) cov tswv yim los muab kev rov ua haujlwm sai heev ntawm qhov chaw siv pej xeem them nyiaj ntau. Nyob ntawm EV, DC cov chaw them nyiaj ceev tuaj yeem muab 80% rov them dua li 20 feeb. Kev them nqi nrawm yog nyob ntawm lub tsheb lub roj teeb loj thiab them nyiaj kho vajtse, tab sis ntau lub EVs tam sim no tuaj yeem them ntau dua 100 kW (ntau dua 100 mais ntawm ntau hauv 20 feeb). DC them ceev yog qhov kev xaiv rau tag nrho-hluav taws xob tsheb. Ob peb plug-in hybrid EVs tuaj yeem siv DC lub nrawm them. Muaj peb lub ntsiab txuas rau DC ceev them; EVs uas tuaj yeem siv DC lub nrawm them nyiaj tsuas yog siv tau nrog ib qho ntawm cov hauv qab no:

  • SAE Kev Sib Koom Ua Ke (CCS) yog qhov kev lees paub dav dav them tus qauv siv los ntawm cov neeg tsim khoom lag luam feem ntau
  • CHAdeMO yog tus qauv them nqi feem ntau siv los ntawm Nissan thiab Mistubishi
  • Tesla's Supercharger Network yog ua raws lub tshuab them nqi uas muaj peev xwm uas tsuas yog siv tau los ntawm Tesla tus kheej lub tsheb

Muaj ntau lub tuam txhab pej xeem thiab ntiag tug tab tom tsim cov chaw them nyiaj ntau hauv New York State thiab dhau mus, suav nrog New York Power Authority, Electrify America, EVgo, ChargePoint, Greenlots, thiab ntau ntxiv.